Remarque is one of the most famous German authors from the twentieth century. He was born in Osnabrück, on June 22, 1898 and he died in Locarno, Switzerland, on September
Remarque was drafter into the German army at the age of 18
to fight World War 1. Not long after he was badly wounded. Ten years after the war ended, he published a novel about the experiences
of ordinary German soldiers during the war, Im Westen Nichts Neues, a year
later the novel was translated into English as All Quiet on the Western Front.
This dismally realistic novel of a soldier’s experiences stripped the classic romanticism from war stories. The novel
immediately became an international, significantly acclaimed success. In 1930 an
American film based on the book was released.
Remarque's novels have been translated in more than fifty languages. Most of Remarque’s novels are interrelated
with his background and German history and involve political and social upheaval in Europe during World War I and II. His literary creations involved preservation of human dignity during times
of terror and oppression. Several of his novels
were adapted to film. Nevertheless, All Quiet on the Western Front stays as his masterpiece; none of his other novels even
comes close to its popularity.
During Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in the
early 1930s, the extremely nationalistic Nazi’s attacked the novel All Quiet on the Western Front and its author as
unpatriotic. In fear of retribution he did not resist their criticism, although in 1931 he published the sequel The Road Back.
This novel provoked the Nazi party and Remarque fled to Switzerland in 1931.
Then emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1939 with his first wife, Jutta Zambona. After he divorced Jutta he married a Hollywood actress
Paulette Goddard in 1958, these two stayed married until his death in 1970. In 1948 he returned to Switzerland, he stayed
there until his death at the age of 72 buried in the Ronco cemitary in Ronco, Ticino Switzerland.
Westen nichts Neues (1929)
Weg zurück (1931)
deinen Nächsten (1941)
de Triomphe (1946)
Funke Leben (1952)
zu leben und Zeit zu sterben (1954)
schwarze Obelisk (1956)
Himmel kennt keine Günstlinge (1961)
Nacht von Lissabon (1963)
im Paradies (1971)